Cluster of Lights is one of the most fascinating natural phenomena that have intrigued scientists and the general public for years. The beautiful display of lights is a result of the collision of electrically charged particles from the Sun with the Earth’s magnetic field. In this article, we will explore the cluster of lights, its formation, and the various types that exist.
Formation of Cluster of Lights
Cluster of Lights, also known as Aurora Borealis or Northern Lights in the northern hemisphere, and Aurora Australis or Southern Lights in the southern hemisphere, are formed when electrically charged particles from the Sun collide with the Earth’s magnetic field. The magnetic field traps these particles, guiding them to the polar regions, where they collide with the Earth’s atmosphere, causing the glowing effect.
Types of Cluster of Lights
There are two types of Cluster of Lights: the diffuse and discrete cluster of lights. The diffuse cluster of lights is a hazy glow that extends across a large portion of the sky, while the discrete cluster of lights appears as distinct, parallel stripes of colors that move in the sky.
Diffuse Cluster of Lights
The diffuse cluster of lights is the most common type of Cluster of Lights. It appears as a hazy glow that extends across a large portion of the sky. The colors of the diffuse cluster of lights are pale green, pink, yellow, and blue. The appearance of these colors is due to the collision of charged particles with the different gases in the Earth’s atmosphere. Oxygen produces the green and yellow colors, while nitrogen produces the pink and blue colors.
Discrete Cluster of Lights
The discrete cluster of lights appears as distinct, parallel stripes of colors that move in the sky. This type of Cluster of Lights usually occurs in the polar regions during intense solar activity. The colors of the discrete cluster of lights are more intense than the diffuse cluster of lights and can range from green to red.
Significance of Cluster of Lights
Apart from its aesthetic appeal, Cluster of Lights has several significant impacts on the Earth. It affects telecommunications and satellite communications, as the charged particles from the Sun can disrupt signals. Cluster of Lights also creates electrical currents in the Earth’s atmosphere, which can affect power grids, leading to widespread power outages.